The mudbrick houses of Akhetaten were some of the most important discoveries they contain a wealth of detail about the life of the city they were used for a variety of purposes some of which are listed below. The most famous is that of Thutmosis the Sculptor which contained his workshops as well as his residence. Here in one of the rooms was discovered the famous bust of Nefertiti and other sculptures.
Thutmosis's House excavated
HOUSES, WELLS AND WORKSHOPS: The Main City (South Suburb) next to the ceremonial centre contained the residences of the majority of the population. Their houses, built to a standard plan, were provided with wells to water the gardens, small shrines with open or closed roofs for a cult of the King and his family, and surrounding workshops. The identities of some of the owners are known. Panehesy was Chief Priest and had two houses. The famous sculptor Thutmose lived at the south of the city and in his workshop here he made the Nefertiti head and many of the other of well known sculptures from Amarna.
GOVERNMENT COMPOUNDS: The business of the city was controlled through large Quay side buildings containing imported produce for re-export and distribution. It came from sources of revenue within Egypt and tribute from the empire. The goods shown are beer and wine, cattle, timber for house and furniture making, and granaries for the currency of the day, wheat and barley. A glass and pottery factory lies behind. Finally, walled groves of trees like those depicted in tombs are shown.
House Hold Objects from Akhetaten
MILITARY BARRACKS: The city had no walls, and was protected by the natural cliffs and a series of outposts manned by soldiers. They were administered from the Central City where a stable for the chariot horses and barrack for troops was located. The large well inside was for the stabled animals, the outer well for larger troop assemblies when the king reviewed his army. Soldiers accompanied Akhenaten on his journeys, and patrolled the main buildings.
LOCAL MARKETS AND FIELDS: Local supply was run by more informal means. Exchange and barter of goods would have taken place in local markets shown here grouped around a collection of reed huts. The fields to the south and north of the city would have been watered from wells and from the river itself and were created from mud brought from the Nile river banks.
Well from Thutmosis House
QUAYS, BOATS AND BRICK YARDS: The Public Quays were for disembarking the goods that fed the city. small cargo-ships carry timber, wheat and other wares. Fishing boats are active in the shallows. Some trade took place at the quays. On the river banks mud bricks were made to build the new houses. Near the palace a large stone quay was built to receive the imported sandstone and granite for the decoration of Temples and Palaces. The limestone blocks for general building were quarried from the Amarna cliffs.
Photographs: Copyright EES Expedition to Tell El Amarna.
Computer Drawings, films and Models: Copyright Redvision, Kate Spence, EES Expedition to Tell El Amarna.